Wondering about how to start a baking business from home? You’re at the beginning of an exciting journey – our 10-step guide will help you get going.
From getting to grips with baking from home regulations to actually selling your cakes from home, here’s what you need to know.
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How to start a baking business
Our top tips for getting your baking business off the ground.
Starting a cake business from home
1. Register as self-employed
When you’re starting your baking business you need to tell HMRC you’re self-employed so that they know you need to pay tax through the Self Assessment system. You need to do this even if you’re going to be running your home baking business part-time or if you have another job.
To set up as a sole trader – the simplest business structure – telling HMRC is all you need to do to register your business. If you want to set up as a limited company instead, the process is a bit more complicated. See our step-by-step guide to setting up a limited company for more information.
2. Follow baking from home regulations in the UK
Complying with the rules can seem scary initially but they’re quite simple to get to grips with.
First, you should think about getting a food hygiene certificate, namely taking a level 2 course if you’re new to working with food. This is a good way to understand the rules you need to follow.
As an overview, your kitchen and premises need to be clean and kept in good condition. You need to be following good food hygiene practices in your kitchen, including protection against contamination and pest control. However, your home baking business won’t be measured by the same standards as a big commercial premises like a restaurant.
The Food Standards Agency lists what regulations food preparation areas should follow:
- floors and walls – should be in good condition, well-maintained, disinfected, and in a good state of repair
- ceilings – should be in good condition, easy to clean, and free from mould, condensation and flaking paint and plaster
- windows and doors – should be easy to clean and disinfect, and built so dirt can’t build up. There should be insect-proof screens that can be easily removed for cleaning
- facilities for cleaning equipment – you should have good facilities for cleaning, disinfecting and storing utensils, including equipment, with a supply of hot and cold water
- facilities for washing food – you need a sink for washing food and cleaning equipment, and a separate sink for washing hands (if you have a downstairs toilet, this should be fine as long as it’s not too far away – all of these facilities should be kept clean and disinfected)
Ideally you need a separate fridge for your personal food, but if this isn’t possible you should be clear about which foods are for your business and make sure there’s no cross-contamination.
Pets should be kept out of the kitchen and food preparation areas. Children shouldn’t be allowed in the kitchen while food is being prepared.
And finally, make sure you’re up to speed on food labelling regulations when it comes to giving allergen information.
3. Register your premises
Another regulation to be aware of when you’re starting your cake business is that you’re required to register your premises with the local authority’s environmental health service at least 28 days before you start trading. This doesn’t cost you anything and your registration can’t be refused. Someone will come to your home and check your food preparation area. To get contact details for your local authority, use the food business registration tool.
Keep in mind regulations we’ve listed in this article are a guide. It’s always best to get advice from your local environmental health authority if there’s anything you’re not sure about.
4. Sort your home baking insurance
It’s important to think about business insurance when you’re setting up your baking business. Public liability insurance and product liability insurance (usually sold together) can cover you if you’re sued by a member of the public for injury or damage.
For example, you might have a claim made against you if someone falls ill after eating one of your cakes, or if you knock over an expensive vase when you’re delivering a cake to a customer’s home. There’s also stock insurance and tools insurance, plus employers’ liability insurance if your home baking business will have any employees. Go to our home baker insurance page to get started.
5. Tell your landlord or mortgage lender
If your home is rented, you need to get permission from your landlord to run your business. However, the law says that your landlord can’t unreasonably withhold or delay their permission. If you own your home, you may need to get permission from your mortgage lender to run your home-based baking business.
6. Think about standing out
There’s a large number of baking and cake making businesses out there, so you need to think about how you’re going to differentiate yourself. You could specialise in vegan or gluten-free bakes, for instance, or concentrate on children’s party cupcakes or wedding cakes.
Since cakes are difficult to transport, you need to have a good sense of your local market, as most of your customers need to be close enough for in-person delivery or collection.
7. Develop an online presence
You make a product that looks beautiful, so photographs are going to be key.
Set up a simple website with important details like what you do, where you’re based, and how people can place an order, and add plenty of mouth-watering photos. There are tons of website builders to choose from, including WordPress, Squarespace and Wix.
Also set up a Twitter account, a Facebook page, and an Instagram account for your business, and keep them updated with posts and photographs. It’s also important to interact with other people on social media, so spend a few minutes each day liking and commenting on other people’s posts, and following relevant accounts.
8. Get out and about with your baking business
Although you’re setting up your baking business from home, it’s a good idea to get out and about to tell people about your business and develop a reputation locally. Consider applying for a stall at local events, including food markets and fetes. You can offer people free samples, sell cakes, and give out flyers and leaflets to promote your home baking business.
9. Keep track of your ingoings and outgoings
Since you’re running your own business, you need to keep track of your income and your business expenses so that you can enter this information when you complete your tax return.
Our guide to tax-deductible expenses should help you figure out which expenses you can subtract. Remember that you need to keep your receipts as HMRC may ask you to produce evidence of your expenditure. There’s lots of small business accounting software available that can help you to manage your business finances.
10. Market your business
People need to discover your wonderful cakes, so it’s important to think about marketing strategies. As well as going to local events with your cakes and using social media to reach potential customers, think of other ways.
If you’re specialising in wedding cakes, you may be able to put flyers in a wedding dress shop, or develop a relationship with a local wedding venue, for example. If you’re making vegan cakes, perhaps you can get permission to put flyers in a local vegetarian restaurant, or write a guest post for a popular vegan blog. You could also try Google Pay Per Click (PPC) ads or Facebook advertising, although remember to narrow the audience down to your local area so that the adverts are only appearing for people within your delivery zone.
Have you got any more questions about setting up your home baking business? Ask them in the comments below.