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Can I get self-employed sick pay?

3-minute read

Sam Bromley

12 August 2020

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Whether you get self-employed sick pay depends on the legal structure of your business. If you’re not entitled to Statutory Sick Pay (SSP), there are other sickness benefits that you could be entitled to.

SSP for the self-employed: does it exist?

In most cases, the self-employed are unable to claim for many of the benefits that employees are entitled to, including statutory sick pay (SSP).

SSP is a payment to employees when they’re off sick for an extended period of time.

Self-employed eligibility for SSP depends on the legal structure of a business.

That’s because if you’re a limited company director you’re an employee of your limited company. This means you’re entitled to SPP at the same rates as your employees.

If you’re a sole trader or in a partnership you can’t claim SSP, but there are other self-employed sickness benefits that you might be able to claim for.

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Sick pay for self-employed rates: limited company directors

Limited company directors are employees, so they can claim SSP through their business.

The usual SSP rate applies. In 2020-21 the SSP rate is £95.85 a week for up to 28 weeks.

If you’re off work sick as a limited company director, you need to follow the SSP rules. You have to have been off work for four or more days in a row, including non-working days. Days when you’re meant to be working but are off sick are known as ‘qualifying days’.

The first three days you’re sick are known as ‘waiting days’. You’re entitled to SSP from the fourth day you’re off sick.

You need to earn an average salary of at least £118 a week to qualify for SSP.

Is there sickness benefit for self-employed sole traders and partners?

While sole traders and partners can’t claim SSP, there’s a number of benefits the self-employed might be entitled to.

The one that could cover self-employed illness is Employment and Support Allowance (ESA). You might be entitled to weekly ESA payments if you have a longer-term illness or disability that means you’re unable to work.

You also need to be:

While there are different types of ESA that people can claim for, most will claim ‘new style’ ESA. For this, you need to have been an employee or self-employed over the last two to three years. You also need to have two full tax years of National Insurance contributions (or one year of contributions and one year of National Insurance credits).

You can apply for ‘new style’ ESA online at gov.uk or over the phone. You need your:

  • proof that you have limited capability for work (fit note)
  • National Insurance number
  • bank or building society account number and sort code
  • GP’s details
  • income details if you’re working

Citizens Advice says that the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) might tell you that you should claim for Universal Credit too, but you don’t need to do this for ‘new style’ ESA. You shouldn’t feel pressured to apply for benefits you’re not sure about.

Sick pay for self-employed rates when claiming ESA

Citizens Advice says that if the DWP accepts your claim, you’ll get your first payments a few weeks after your claim. Your payments will usually be backdated by up to three months, to cover time when you had limited capability to work. You won’t be able to claim payments for the first seven days you were unable to work.

When you first claim for ‘new style’ ESA or contribution-based ESA, you’ll usually get:

  • £74.35 each week (aged 25 or over)
  • £58.90 each week (aged under 25)

After three months, the DWP will assess you. Depending on your illness, you’ll be on one of the following rates:

  • up to £73.10 a week (if you’re able to go back to work)
  • up to £111.65 a week (if you’re not able to go back to work)

Self-employed sick pay and coronavirus

The government has made changes to the way Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) works for employees during the coronavirus outbreak, which includes limited company directors.

The changes mean that employees who are ill or are self-isolating from coronavirus are entitled to SSP from day one of being off work, rather than day four.

Read more about the changes to SSP.

If you’re not eligible for SSP but you’re ill because of coronavirus, or coronavirus has affected your ability to work in other ways, you might be eligible for different government support. Read more about the government’s coronavirus support for self-employed people.

What do you think about self-employed sick pay? Should the self-employed get more support? Let us know in the comments below.

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We create this content for general information purposes and it should not be taken as advice. Always take professional advice. Read our full disclaimer

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