From trustees and registration to your first fundraiser, how do you start a charity? Create your action plan with our complete guide.
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The tips below apply to startup charities in England and Wales. There are different rules for setting up a charity in Scotland and Northern Ireland, so be sure to check the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) and the Charity Commission for Northern Ireland, depending on where you’re based.
Gov.uk sets out six key steps for setting up your charity. And because a charity, just like a business, carries risk for everyone involved, it’s important to put the effort in with your set-up.
Cutting corners can lead to legal issues and tax problems, so check off the following steps and get advice wherever you need it.
Charity trustees share ultimate responsibility for governing the charity, directing how it’s managed and run.
You’ll usually need at least three, and the government has a good hub page giving you all the tools you need to recruit your trustees properly.
Trustees will play a key role in managing your charity. They’ll contribute industry experience to help run your charity, manage communication with the public, and take the lead when it comes to recruiting senior staff.
When recruiting trustees, you’ll need to refer to your governing document (see below) to make sure there are no rules on the maximum number of trustees your charity can have, how long they can stay for, and whether there’s a specific way they need to be appointed.
‘Charitable purposes’ can relate to many things, from relieving poverty and saving lives to animal welfare or the arts.
Check gov.uk’s guidance for where your charitable purposes might fit in and remember, you can’t set up a charity to support one specific person.
When writing your charitable purposes, you’ll need to outline your outcomes and how they’ll be achieved, as well as who you’re aiming to help.
Your written purposes will help the Charity Commission and HMRC decide if your organisation is a charity and qualifies for tax relief. They’ll also help the public to understand your charity’s mission, while giving trustees the information they need to run the organisation effectively.
The official guidance on how to write charitable purposes gives a range of examples and advice on the type of wording you should use.
There are lots of rules around naming your charity, some less obvious than others. For example, it’s likely you’ll need approval from the Charity Commission to use ‘charity’ in your name.
Use gov.uk’s pointers to pin down your name (there’s a link to the charities register to check what’s already taken).
If you’re looking for inspiration, our business name generator can give you some useful ideas.
When you’re thinking about how to start a charity organisation, the structure you choose will affect who runs your charity and how, and whether you can employ people or own property.
The government lists four common charity structures:
Find out more about charity structures on the government’s hub page, along with guidance on what you’ll need and how to apply.
Your governing document sets out how your charity runs and all the rules that go with it. Check the official information to get your document set up correctly.
Your trustees will need to sign the governing document, and if you’re setting up a charitable trust you’ll need an independent witness.
You’ll need to apply for registration if your charity’s annual income is over £5,000, or if you set up a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO).
Along with the basic structure and set-up, you’ll probably have a list of key activities you’re keen to get started on.
Here are the answers to some key questions, as well as official resources and guidance.
From a cake sale in your kids’ school hall to a full-blown Arctic trek, you can get as creative as you like with your fundraising ideas.
The hard work comes with decision-making, and breaking down your aims into an effective but ambitious plan.
We recommend these expert resources for making sure your fundraising smashes its targets while staying compliant:
There’s no fee for registering, unless you’re starting an incorporated charity, in which case Companies House will charge a small payment (usually around £13).
The cost of setting up a charity in the UK will depend on your overheads, such as:
What’s more, many charities decide to take legal advice – this may cost more than your other resources but for lots of charities it’s absolutely crucial. It gives you peace of mind and allows you to focus on fundraising, rather than governing documents and administration.
Did you know that as a charity you can get certain tax reliefs? You’ll need to be recognised by HMRC, so check the UK government's page on charities and tax for full guidance.
You’ll need somewhere to keep all your donations safe, and it should be an easy-to-manage bank account, allowing you to pay bills and transfer funds too.
Lots of the biggest banks offer charity bank accounts, and they work a lot like normal business bank accounts, but with a few different limitations.
You can usually open one for a registered charity, community group, or an amateur sports club, but there may be limits on how many employees you can have and your maximum turnover.
Use a comparison site or check with a few different banking brands for what’s on offer.
Do you have any unanswered questions on how to start up a charity? Let us know in the comments below
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