Employer Reference Numbers – vital information for business owners

Employers registered with HM Revenue and Customs will receive a range of details and reference numbers. Many of these can be confusing, and some get lost. But the employer reference number (ERN), also known as an employer PAYE reference, is a vital piece of information that you must hold onto.

What is an Employer Reference Number?

An ERN is given to every business that registers with HM Revenue and Customs as an employer. It is a unique set of letters and numbers used by the taxman and others to identify your firm. It is often referred to on tax forms as an employer PAYE reference.

This reference is made up of two parts: a three-digit HMRC office number, and a reference number unique to your business. It will be provided to you in your employer’s welcome pack when you register with HM Revenue and Customs, and will also appear on a range of correspondence from HRMC.

When do I need an ERN?

Your ERN will be required in a number of different circumstances. Perhaps most importantly, you will need this number when you come to complete your end-of-year PAYE return. An invalid or missing ERN is amongst the most common reasons for the rejection of end-of-year returns; you will need to know this number in order to fulfil your statutory reporting obligations.

It is also likely that you will be asked for your ERN by an employee at some point. Employees often need their employer’s reference number when applying for tax credits, applying for Student Loans, and a range of other tasks. You may also be required to include it on payslips.

As a result of impending legislative changes, you will also soon need your ERN when purchasing employers’ liability insurance. This is in order to definitively identify at which firms an employee has worked in the event of a claim significantly after the event – for example in the case of mesothelioma claims relating to exposure to asbestos.

What if I have lost my ERN?

It is important that you keep hold of you ERN, as you will need it regularly throughout the tax year. If you have lost the number, you will be able to find it on correspondence from HMRC relating to PAYE. It will also appear on any P45s or P60s for previous or current employees of which you have copies.

If you do not have any record of your ERN it may be that you are not registered as an employer. If this is the case, but you are employing or intend to employ someone, it is vital that you register as a matter of urgency.

Do you think it’s important to give your ERN number to your insurer?

Possible new legislation would force insurers to record customers’ ERN numbers when they take out employer’s liability insurance. Do you think this is a good idea, or is it more unnecessary regulation? Would you know where to find your ERN if you needed it?

We want to know your thoughts on this issue. Our head of insurance, Chris Slater, discusses this matter in a working group chaired by the Assocation of British Insurers (ABI), and will report back with your feedback. Your opinion matters!